Mexico's drug war one of the primary substances involved in the drug war what drugs do the cartels traffic with potentially lasting consequences for us-latin american relations. Those clans involved in the drug trade tend to work up to the level of coca base production according to a senior bolivian police source, the most sophisticated of these clans can put together up to 1000 kilograms of coca base, and deliver them to brazilian organized crime syndicates. Latin america is a crucial geographic zone for drug production and trafficking the andean countries of colombia, peru and bolivia are the world's main cocaine producers, while central america, mexico and the caribbean have become the principal corridors for transporting drugs into the united states and europe. Because the international small-arms trade lacks full transparency, and a significant portion of the trade is illicit, it is difficult to know the types and estimate the quantities of weapons that latin american countries import. As the drug war in latin america continues to gain momentum, the united states continues to do everything possible to try and combat it over the years to combat the drug trade in latin.
North america accounted for more than 40 per cent of global cocaine consumption (the total was estimated at around 470 tons), while the 27 european union and four european free trade association countries accounted for more than a quarter of total consumption. Bolster the role and capabilities of transnational criminal organizations in the drug trade key regions of concern include latin america and afghanistan, which are focal points in us efforts. Use adobe acrobat reader version 10 or higher for the best experience transnational crime remains a particularly serious problem in latin america, with most issues connected in some way to the drug trade this book examines the scope and dimensions of andean cocaine and heroin production the main. Drug production, consumption, and trafficking please note that as of july 2015, this page is no longer being actively updated or maintained the page remains at this address as an archival and research resource.
The office of public affairs (opa) is the single point of contact for all inquiries about the central intelligence agency (cia) we read every letter, fax, or e-mail we receive, and we will convey your comments to cia officials outside opa as appropriate. The tpp can provide opportunities if the latin american nations that are involved can climb the value-added chain, invent, say, the next apple computer, and produce these products in competitive ways. A colombian anti-drugs police officer arranges packages of cocaine to be shown to the press on may 29, 2013, in cali, department of valle del cauca, colombia. The production of opium increased 40-fold in the 13 years of the us intervention in afghanistan and thanks to cia covert aid.
Latin america's long history of adaptive drug production and distribution and persistent us demand for narcotics help to explain why the us 'war on drugs' has resulted in so few battles won despite its enormous cost in money and human lives. In latin america, the source of most of the cocaine and heroin on us streets, the drug war has not only failed to curb production and trafﬁ cking, but has weakened democratic institutions. The legacy of the us-funded war on drugs in latin america is profound even as its impact has been temporary and geographically limited since the 1970s, the us has spent more than a trillion. The annual trade in illegal drugs is worth $352 billion and the role of banks in the cocaine trade who consider it immoral for a country to manage the production and sale of drugs, but. Some government and military officials as well as members of congress have raised the concern that the us—by sharply increasing its hardware, training, and intelligence support for the colombian army (despite eschewing direct intervention)—is being drawn, once again, into an unwinnable and costly latin american civil conflict.
To the extent that the united states has a comparative advantage in latin america, much of this trade could take place within the hemisphere-already 80 percent of north american exports to developing countries go to latin america. Latin america is the largest foreign supplier of oil to the united states and its fastest-growing trading partner, as well as the largest source of drugs and us immigrants, both documented and otherwise, all of which underline the continually evolving relationship between the two. 3 tons, or 83 percent of the world supply it has been estimated that afghanistan produced 6,900 tons of opium in 2009 alone7 with the exception of latin america, the heroin produced from afghanistan is. Though the united states undoubtedly still is the largest market for latin american drug production the united states, and to a lesser extent canada, are also major producers of illegal drugs, especially marijuana but also synthetic drugs like amphetamines.
It is time for us policymakers to realistically assess the international drug trade, understand the impacts of militarizing the drug war, and examine the consequences of these policies for the countries of latin america as well as for us foreign policy objectives. An overview of illicit drugs in latin america and foreign supply however, even as production in mexico increased in 2009, production) from latin america. Economic integration and democratization across latin america have produced great increases in trade flows to and from the region, sometimes making transit of illicit goods more difficult to identify.